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IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES & STATISTICS OF CHHATTISGARH STATE’S FISHERIES

1.1 Geographical Features and Agroclimatic Zones: Chhattisgarh one of the thirty five constituents of the country, occupies 135194 square km which is 4.14% of the geographical area of India. It is located in the centre of 17.43' to 24.5 degree North latitude and 80.15 to 84.20 degree East longitude. Uttar Pradesh in North, Jharkhand in North-East, Orissa in East, Andhra Pradesh in South, Maharashtra in South-West and M.P. & Maharashtra in West form its borders. 43% Land is covered by Forests. There are 3 agroclimatic zones comparison northen hills, central plains zone and Bastar plateau zone  
  • Northern Hills: The area of this agroclimatic zone accounts for 21% of the total geographical area. Koriya, Sarguja, Surajpur, Balrampur Jashpur, Raigarh and Korba are districts situated in this Zone.
  • Central Plain Zone: this agroclimatic zone covers 50% of the geographical area of the state. Raipur, Balodabajar Bhathpara, Gariyaband] Bilaspur, Mungeli Janjgir-Champa, Kabirdham, Rajnandgaon, Durg, Balod, BemetaraDhamtari and Mahasamund are districts included in this plain Zone.
  • Bastar Plateau Zone: It account for 29% of the geographical area of the state. Kanker (North Bastar), Bastar, Kondagaon, Dantewada (South Bastar), Bijapur, Sukma and Narayanpur are districts included in this Zone.
    1.2 Climatic situation:
  1. Climate - The climate of the state in mainly humid and sub humid. Due to its location at the tropic of cancer, the centre part of the chhattisgarh is hot may is the hotest month and december and January are the coldest months. The general climate is dry sub unit tie where the annual potential evapo-transpiration is slightly higher then the annual rain fall. The climatic condition of the state vary from region to region.
  2. Temperature - The temperature in the state varies from region to region. In the northen hills the temperature ranges from 8.2 to 39.5 degree celcious whearase is in chhattisgarh central plains and baster plateau respectively the temperature generally ranges between 13.3 degree celcious and 11.4 to 38.2 degree celcious.
  3. Rainfall - Average annual rainfall in the State is approximately 1200 mm to 1600 mm. with an average annual rain fall of the state around 1400 mm.
River System - There is a network of 4 rivers for capture fisheries. These rivers are Mahanadi, Godawari, Ganga and Narmada. In this network, 31 large, small rivers and tributories, flow from East to West, covering a length of about 3573 Kms. in the State.
1.3 Type of Land Soil, as stated above, has water retention capacity in the range of light to medium 55%-65% i.e. the Soil represents low water retention capacity.
Table
Northern Hills Zone Light to medium (Reddish-Yellow) 55%
Med. Heavy to heavy(Brownish-Black) 15%
Central Plain Zone Light to medium (Reddish-Yellow) 65%
Light to medium (Reddish-Yellow) 35%
Southern Plateau Zone Light to medium (Reddish-Yellow) 58%
Light to medium (Reddish-Yellow) 42%
  1. Present Status:
The State is playing an important role by generating self-employment through fisheries in rural areas which in turn provides nutritious food to rural folks. Fisheries business has generated an employment potential for about 2.09 Lakh persons, most of them belong to weaker section of the society.
  • Available Water Resources:
  State has 67159 Rural Pond area covering 0.839 Lakh ha and 1770 Irrigation Reservoir covering 0.826 Lakh ha Water area totaling to 1.665 Lakh ha water area available for fisheries development up to the 2017-18. Out of the available Water Resources 0.772 lakh ha. rural pond area and 0.800 lakh ha. irrigation reservoir water area, thus totaling 1.572 lakh ha. water has already been brought under fish culture till 2017-18. The developed water area under fish culture is shown in table as under
Table
Type of Water Area Area in Lakh ha % developed
Ponds 0.772 92 %
Reservoirs 0.800 97 %
Total 1.572 94.41 %
  Main rivers Mahanadi, Indravati and their tributaries flow 3573 Kms. in the state and offer themselves in fishery development activities.    
  • Fish seed Production:
  Existing 69 no. of circular hatcheries, 60 no. of fish farms and 721 no. of individual rearing space with the available water area of 207.58 ha. are involved in fish seed production in govt. and private sector. Present demand of fish seed is placed at 109.75 crores st.fry against of which 197.50 crore have been prodused in 2016-17. Our plan strategy for 2017-18 aims at production of 169.50 crores of st.fry.    
  • Fish Production and productivity
  States fisheries is mostly culture based in which Major carp fish group play a leading role. Availability of 67,159 ponds covering 0.839 lakhs hectare water area is the main asset on which culture fisheries rest. So far 92% of the area has been covered.   Annual fish production has recorded an average growth of 170 % during 2007-08 to year 2016-17 Plan. Fish production Base year Current year in lakh tons 2007-08 2016-17 1.395 3.768 Resource wise contribution in fish production is stated below.  
Table source wise fish production - 2016-17 Chhattisgarh  
Source Fish production (mt) % of share in production
Rural Tanks 3,56,100 94.7
Irrigation Tanks 18,375 4.7
River 2,326 0.6
Total 3,76,801 100
  Average productivity in rural tanks is 3105 kg/ha/year and 211 Kgs./ha/year in irrigation tanks.   Fish production and productivity is gradually increased due to following action :-  
  • Use of balanced nutritious floating feed, fertilizers and high density of seed stocking (based on modern scientific technology) in ponds and tank.
  • Stocking of large size fingerlings (75 mm and above) in selected reservoirs and ponds.
  • Skill training imparted to the fishermen member engaged in reservoirs and ponds for fisheries development.
  • Assistance given to the fishermen for equipping them with net and boats for increasing fishing efforts.
  • Fish seed rearing in seasonal ponds.
  • Establishment of demonstration units.
  Some progresssive farmers in the state who are successfully harvesting 8000 to 12000 kg /ha major carp fish production &upto 70tons Pungasius fish production.  
  • Extension
In addition to its field staff at the district and block level for providing technical and other support to fish farmers. The department also organized training programs within state and out of state study tours, exposure visits, establishment of demonstration units for education and awareness creation among fish farmers.  
  • Employment Generation
At present 2.10 lakh fish farmer in the state are engaged in fisheries activities providing 142 lakh mandays of employment round the year. The department target to increase the number of fish farmers to 2.55 lakh providing employment of 160 lakh mandays by the end of year 2017-18.  
Directorate of Fisheries Chhattisgarh © 2016-17